Hello Hyperapp

Lots of choices for JavaScript frontend frameworks, with React leading the way. But most of those choices end up meaning a ginormous toolchain of ever-changing, ever-breaking tools to transpile the universe.

Hyperapp is the impossibly-small, yet feature-rich JS framework. Small as in, under 1 KB. Small enough to not actually need minification and bundling…and in browsers which support ES Modules you still get import semantics without tools like webpack.

Let’s wire up our counter.

const {app} = window.hyperapp;
const html = window.hyperappHtml;
const {h3, p, div, button} = html;

const state = {
  count: 0

const actions = {
  down: () => state => ({ count: state.count - 1 }),
  up: () => state => ({ count: state.count + 1 })

const view = (state, actions) =>
    h3('Counter Demo'),
    p('Current Count: ' + state.count),
    button({ onclick: actions.down }, "-"),
    button({ onclick: actions.up }, "+")

app(state, actions, view, document.getElementById("counter"))


Because we aren’t bundling, we get hyperapp and hyperappHtml from the window object.

What’s in this simple counter?

  • A section at the top that is the moral-equivalent of ES6 imports
  • The initial state of the counter
  • Two actions, which are arrow functions which Hyperapp calls, providing the state
  • The view, which is usually JSX, but we are doing using the Hyperapp html helper package. We don’t want JSX because we don’t want a JavaScript toolchain to have to process it into JS. We have another reason, which we’ll reveal in the next section.
  • The actual app which wires the pieces together and taks over the counter node in the markup

As a recap:

  • On the first load, Bottle runs the template and generates – server-side in Python – the initial HTML
  • JavaScript then kicks in and “hydrates” the existing DOM element, rendering the view into it…keeping the existing nodes which are the same, replacing changed ones, and adding new ones. This is the mythical “VDOM” that you may have heard of.

To emphasize: we are doing SSR, but with Python, not a NodeJS framework.